Among the Igbo ethnic group of southeast, Nigeria, the physical death of a man does not cease or obliterate his usefulness; he continues to live in the memory of his boy child who carries on with the noble responsibility to which his life was dedicated. As a result, the pursuit of the birth boy child amongst couples is increasing by the day. Women are never tired of visiting traditional herbal practitioners cum diviners (Dibia), ill-equipped as they are with scientific reproductive knowledge, to solicit for the birth of the boy child. This paper, therefore, examines the sociological evaluation of the inordinate quest for the boy child amongst couples therein. To achieve the objectives of the study, related literatures are reviewed. Among the findings, the paper acknowledges that there is always some excitement, merriment, joy and intoxication, mixed with some sparks of faith when the new entrant to the household is a boy child. In addition, the paper recognizes that different kinds of deities are being consulted and sacrifices offered on a daily basis for the birth of a boy child. Furthermore, women are never fully recognized as mothers without their birth of a boy child. Disturbing as the preference is, this paper wonders and questions why women are being easily ridiculed, subjugated and divorced when and where the y-chromosome, the sole determinant of the birth of the boy child is the exclusive preserve of the male gender. With this, the paper argues that since human personality, a prerogative and quality of every human being does not rest on gender, but on ability; the emphasis on the boy child is absolutely unnecessary because it does not add anything to ability. The paper further calls on the educated elite to enlighten their people to be aware that the dignity of the girl child is fundamentally, essentially and unquestionably equal to the dignity of the boy child. Finally, the paper concludes that, all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should be seen as such, no more, no less. Materials for this paper have been drawn mainly from two sources, namely, primary and secondary sources. The strategy of content analysis was used to systematically analyze data in view of the historical cum contemporary nature of the paper.
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