Article : Configural, Metric And Scalar Invariance Measurement Of Academic Delay Of Gratification Scale


Configural, Metric And Scalar Invariance Measurement Of Academic Delay Of Gratification Scale


Rajib Chakraborty

The present study measured the partial (configural, metric and scalar) invariance of Academic Delay of Gratification Scale (ADOGS) for college students prepared by Hefer Bembenutty and Stuart Karabenick (1996), with respect to gender. 488 students (277 boys and 211 girls) from engineering, law, pharmacy, and education faculties of Sultan Ul Uloom Education Society, Hyderabad, were samples of the study. Confirmatory Factor Analysis framework was used to test the three invariance, one at a time, using SPSS AMOS Ver.23. This was done by constraining the factor structure, factor loadings and intercepts for the genders boys and girls simultaneously. The SPSS AMOS CFA test provided Chi-square value and degree of freedom for the unconstrained and the constrained structures.  By  comparing the difference in the Chi-square test p-value for a degree of freedom of the constrained factor structure with the unconstrained structure’s Chi-Square p-value and its degree of freedom using an excel sheet calculator of Chi-square test available on the Internet, the measurement invariance of the instrument was verified.  The findings of the study reveal that the scale is configural and metric invariant, as there is no significant difference between constrained and unconstrained structures. However, the scale is not scalar invariant. The educational implications are discussed.

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